Thursday, 28 May 2020

Cheating Essay Writing - How to Correct Cheating in Essay Writing

Cheating Essay Writing - How to Correct Cheating in Essay WritingCheating essay writing is something that all cheating spouses do. In most cases, they know the fact that their spouse will be looking at the essay before it gets to the college for submission. They would have already done some research on their partner and what they were saying about their spouse.So in essence, what does cheating mean in essay writing? Is it just writing a title and having no personality? Of course it is not.Cheating is when a person is not truthful when they are writing. They are either exaggerating or outright lying. When they are writing an essay, honesty is not always appropriate. A cheating spouse has this ability to lie and make things up as they go along.The other thing is, cheating happens behind closed doors. There are conversations between the couple, but the husband or wife is the one who does not report it to the college or professor or even the person who is reviewing the essays for school. There is no one else that the cheating spouse will tell. They do not want to be found out, so they do this on their own time when they are alone.If you feel like you have cheated on your spouse, be honest with yourself and be sure. You can make sure by searching the word 'cheating' in the dictionary and see if you see any definition there.In order to correct cheating in essay writing, you have to be honest with yourself and your cheating spouse. Do not try to deny or put the blame on someone else.No matter how you feel, your cheating spouse will be very angry and embarrassed. You will also feel bad. This will make your writing jobs a little more difficult, but you have to realize that you did wrong.

Wednesday, 27 May 2020

Writing a Proper Essay: Tips For College Students

Writing a Proper Essay: Tips For College StudentsWriting a proper essay in college is no simple task. It requires thought and careful planning. College students write essays all the time and often it can be hard to know what essay to use for a given situation.Students often know what types of essay to write about without a lot of instruction. However, if there is a need to do so, they can ask an instructor or guidance counselor for help. Many college instructors will help students in this area and can come up with ideas and advice based on their experiences.A good tip for students is to practice their writing skills before they ever start class. This may mean taking notes on paper, reviewing the assignments given in class, or taking classes online so that they can practice speaking and writing clearly. All of these activities will make a student more prepared for their assignments and help them be effective in writing a proper essay.Speaking clearly in writing is a skill that can be practiced and perfected. Using the correct grammar and sentence structure is important when writing a proper essay. The student should focus on writing in such a way that everyone else can understand the topic and the thoughts expressed in the paper.It is essential to write an effective essay. This is no simple task because there are a variety of styles and lengths to be used. With this in mind, there are many resources available to help students with essay writing. A good resource would be a college professor or adviser.One tip to remember when writing an essay is to make sure it is short, succinct, and to the point. Another tip is to use a specific word for each point of argument. For example, if a student is writing about a particular point of law, they may want to use 'law' for the definition of the term and then have a footnote to cite the Supreme Court decision. If an essay is meant to be more philosophical, there may be a need to make the reader more aware of their own ignora nce or bias.Writing a proper essay is not an easy task. However, if a student is committed to learning and practicing with this task, it will not be a difficult one. By working together with a faculty advisor or adviser, the student can learn about specific rules for writing an essay and how to go about preparing their paper.Writing a proper essay is an important skill to have. In order to write a proper essay, a student must have written and creative thinking skills. If they are committed to learning about their subject matter and being open minded, they can succeed in their goal to write a proper essay.

MBA Essay Topics That Will Help You in Writing Your Essay

MBA Essay Topics That Will Help You in Writing Your EssayThe information on MBA Essay Topics are all highly organized in order to serve as guides to the writers. A good number of MBA teachers provide a lot of support in terms of ideas, and the essay should contain the best solution that fits well with the instructor's ideas. There are several factors that you need to keep in mind if you have written a thesis or an article. A variety of topics are widely used by the instructors in a way that it becomes easier for the students to learn and to master the topic.One of the most important questions that you need to answer is that why are you doing this, what will be the outcome of the project? Writing an essay or a research paper for MBA is one of the most complex forms of writing as there are lots of factors to be considered and planned. The writer must know all the sections so that he can fill in the necessary information. This in turn makes it easy for him to make use of other sections that are usually related to each other and with the complete picture.Once you start a project, you must know what type of information you want to present and how it is related to the current situation. You should keep in mind that you should always research a topic before you start writing the essay. If you find a subject that you have knowledge about and that is related to the topic, you can start from there and continue the process in a systematic manner.The question, 'What type of information can I write about?' has to be answered before starting the MBA essay topic research. Some of the different topics are:One of the biggest sources of essays are from students who have just finished their degree and they now want to start a research paper. These students have lots of ideas and they usually start from them and they already have a detailed plan as to how the final product will look like.Some of the various research paper topics include the topics of taxation, psychology, governme nt, psychiatry, and the law etc. Generally the topics which are related to the field of MBA can be categorized into business, finance, management, technology, entrepreneurship and more.The topic for the MBA degree is not the only one which can be used for research papers. There are many other articles, which can be used for writing as well. It is important that you consider the facts and analyze the situation well so that you can arrive at an accurate conclusion.The topic that you choose for your research paper is very important. If you do not know the topic that will be best for your paper, it is important that you check some websites that will give you ideas on a wide range of topics. If you are a newcomer in the field, the topics that are offered by different institutions will help you decide on the type of the topic that is suitable for your work.

Tuesday, 26 May 2020

Writing a Self Evaluation Essay

Writing a Self Evaluation EssayWriting a self-evaluation essay can be tricky if you are not sure how to do it. There are a few factors to consider when you write your essay. Following these tips can help you learn how to write a self-evaluation essay without having to worry about missing key details or giving an outline that does not reach the reader.It is important to remember that everyone writes different. Most people will type their thoughts in first, but this is not the right way to do it. You want to make sure that you use a whiteboard to record your thoughts. The whiteboard will make it easy for you to jot down your thoughts in the order that they come to you.Your second most important step when writing a self-evaluation essay is to write each of your thoughts. Put your thoughts into a writing format that will make them easy to read. Make sure that you use simple words and sentences. The more words you have to make a sentence seem longer, the less likely it is that you will be able to find the words to use in your essay.After you have written your thoughts, the next thing to do when you write a self-evaluation essay is to think about how to organize the ideas that you want to get across. If you are writing a formal essay, you may want to use titles, subheadings, and the main body of the essay. On the other hand, if you are writing a more informal essay, then you will want to use bullets, sub-bullets, and the main body of the essay. However, you want to make sure that you do not just rely on bullet points.To keep your self-evaluation essay from being too dry, write in a variety of styles. In the past, it was very common for teachers to tell students to read their essays word for word, but that is no longer the case. Today, you need to keep it interesting. Some people choose to write articles about their writing styles. They might also write reviews on their favorite authors.The last important tip to keep in mind when you are writing a self-evaluation essa y is to remember that your essay needs to stand out. In other words, you need to present yourself in a good light. While you are writing, you might want to think about what kinds of adjectives or other words that you would use to describe yourself. You should do this with a pen and paper on the computer, not on the whiteboard. It is better to have a professional type the paragraphs, but if you want to do it on your own, the wordings should be brief and easy to read.When you are writing a self-evaluation essay, remember that you do not want to sound as though you are trying to sell yourself. Many students, as well as other people, do not understand that you do not have to sell yourself. Instead, you just need to present yourself in a positive light. You should use all of the adjectives that you can think of to describe yourself. For example, if you are a good listener, you can add the word 'satisfactory' to describe yourself.As you can see, there are many steps to follow when you are writing a self-evaluation essay. In order to create a good essay, you should not rush yourself. Make sure that you write each paragraph carefully, organize your thoughts, and make sure that you keep the information and emotions of the essay in order.

Leadership - Writing Policy Papers

Leadership - Writing Policy PapersA good leadership tool for the United States of America is to require writing policy papers. A good leader knows that communication is a key component in keeping the team informed. In today's world, it is critical to know exactly what your people think and know the options they have.A team can grow through writing policy papers. It is an effective way to understand where the team stands and how much support is needed from the company.The team needs to understand how much support the organization has to do their work. Leadership skills are an important aspect of business. The ability to make your point without angering others is the most important part of any business.Every company will need a project manager at some point in time. Everyone wants the project manager to be in control and deliver results. Any organization needs someone who can keep things moving forward.When writing policy papers, try to include your project manager in your writing proc ess. Give them a description of the project they are assigned, review the project plan with them and listen to what they have to say.Learning how to communicate through writing policy papers is a skill that must be learned by all leaders. All the information in the paper should be relevant to the team. If not, there will be little to no support.As the saying goes, 'writing policy papers takes skill'. Most organizations find that when the project is finished, the job is complete. What you write is up to you.Reading leadership books and websites can be very beneficial in the field of writing policy papers. You can learn the best practices to make your message clear. If the best practices are put into practice, the project will be finished successfully.

How to Write an Analysis Essay

How to Write an Analysis EssayKnowing how to write an analysis essay will make you a better writer. Most students today have many different subjects to learn about. They want to be prepared for the college essays, they are required to write so they will be ready for college.Writing essays requires focus and attention to detail. You must be able to translate your knowledge into written words and make it relevant to the topic of the essay. Some areas of concentration when writing an essay include but are not limited to, factual information, facts, and advice.In high school, you would write an elementary essay on a certain subject matter. Since college is generally a much higher level of education, you should begin writing an analysis essay a few months prior to college. It will help if you have already studied that particular subject.You need to keep in mind that before you can get to the more detailed and basic information, you need to understand the broad picture of the topic. One go od way to do this is to do a research of the topic. Be sure to gather a lot of information, but don't get too far off base and then have to redo the essay.If you are uncertain as to how to write an essay, simply start by writing it down. Keep notes, use a book to jot down ideas, and do not stop writing for a while. This will ensure that you are not wasting time and effort.When you are finished with the essay, save a copy of it to take along with you to class so that you have a good idea of where you stand. The entire process is something that will improve with practice. You will become more comfortable writing and also feel more confident in writing. You will begin to write more articles, textbooks, and other forms of written materials and you will eventually be ready to write an analysis essay.As long as you remember to be serious, make the most of what you have, and have a good goal in mind for the essay, you will be fine. Many students fail because they are overstressed and do no t have a calm atmosphere. You can help yourself by making sure that you have a relaxed situation.Knowing how to write an analysis essay is very important when it comes to writing college essays. Use your knowledge of the subject and the facts to write a more relevant and interesting essay. With practice, you will find that you are writing a better essay by knowing how to write an analysis essay.

Thursday, 21 May 2020

Homeric Vs. The Iliad - 1654 Words

Homeric View of War in the Iliad Being a milestone for all ancient Greek Literature, the Trojan War was discussed and narrated in many different works, most notably Homer’s epic poem the Iliad. Depicting a classical style of mass battle, Homeric warriors were thus treated equally as fighters, but were disregarded in the text in order to illustrate the sheer power of the heroes and leaders. Every warrior was just another piece of the phalanx, which is why the army was so withstanding of attack. While warriors and battle were portrayed in this era as one large mass, heroes of war and leaders were illustrated much larger, in size, in strength, and in power. Although background warriors were not given individualized attention throughout the epic, their scenes are juxtaposed to important battles between heroes, only emphasizing how important the masses are in relation to the individuals during battle. Throughout the Iliad, Homer depicts a realistic society in his fictional wor ld: while the unimportant fighters are not highlighted in the battle scenes, they are just as important as the heroes when it comes to war, the great equalizer. There are two schools of thought when analyzing the Homeric view of war in the Iliad: he imagines war realistically or unrealistically. Few people fail to realize that both these interpretations are correct in there own ways. Homer is able to realistically present the reader with the emotions of war, the ebbs and flows of passions amongShow MoreRelatedHow Does Homer Use The Effectiveness Of Ajax s Speech1723 Words   |  7 Pagesthe effectiveness of Ajax’s speech, specifically Ajax’s similarities to Achilles and the speech’s focus on the Greek value of timÄ“ (one’s honor or how one is perceived by others), to reveal the motivations and nature of Achilles. In book IX of the Iliad, Ajax, known primarily for his brute strength and martial prowess, delivers the speech Achilles finds most compe lling. Conversely, Odysseus, although the most adept orator sent, is the least effective in convincing Achilles to rejoin the war. In myRead MoreEssay on The Iliad of Homer and Greek Heroes1495 Words   |  6 Pages The Iliad is an epic tale of war and hero’s within the Greek way of life. A predominant and consistent theme of honor and glory reside throughout the poem. The motivation for any Homeric Greek is glory, or â€Å"Kleos†, that is to be honored and respected among their people. Emphasis is put on living by the heroic code. Honor is essential to the Greeks and life would not be worth living without it. When a warrior or hero is advised to avoid risking their life in battle it almost drives themRead MoreThe Iliad and Greek Heroes1500 Words   |  6 PagesThe Iliad is an epic tale of war and heros within the Greek way of life. A predominant and consistent theme of honor and glory reside throughout the poem. The motivation for any Homeric Greek is glory, or Kleos, that is to be honored and respected among their people. Emphasis is put on living by the heroic code. Honor is essential to the Greeks and life would not be worth living without it. When a warrior or hero is advised to avoid risking their life in battle it almost drivesRead MoreSimilarities Between Dark Ages And The Dark Ages948 Words   |  4 Pages Classical Vs the Dark Ages If you were to compare how relations between city-states were during the dark ages of Greece to the classical era of Greece. You would come along a lot of differences and some similarities that might shock you, they sure did me. You can find differences and similarities in many aspects of their civilization: politics, culture, warfare, and economics. The dark ages of Greece lacked writing so a lot of what we know is indirect. Such as â€Å"Achilles’ Anger† excerpt from theRead MoreCombat Sports in the Ancient World: General Aspects of Ancient Combat Sports2625 Words   |  11 Pagesbook lacks â€Å"full discussion of interesting problems† appears to show, although the limitations of the concept of the chapter might not have allowed for further discussion. Kyle does suggest in his Sport and Spectacle that â€Å"the old notion that Homeric athletes are â€Å"all-rounders† should be dropped and that by Homer’s time â€Å"some degree of specialization by build, age, and training† would appear, along with the indication that some athletes did in fact attempt more than one type of event. However

Sunday, 17 May 2020

SHOOK Surname Origin and Last Name Meaning

The surname Shook is a variant of the German surname  Schuck, derived  from  scouh, meaning shoemaker. Schoch is a common Swiss variation and Schook or Schoock are commonly found in the Netherlands. Alternate Surname Spellings:  SHUK, SHOCK, SHUCK, SCHOCH, SCHUCK, SCHOOK, SCHOOCK, SHOOCK, SCHOKE, SCHUCH, SCHUSKE Surname Origin: German Where In the World Is the SHOOK  Surname Found? According to Forebears, the Shook surname is most prevalent in the United States and Guam. The original German spelling of Shuck is still much more common in Germany, especially in the Rheinland-Pfalz region according to WorldNames PublicProfiler. Shuck is also a fairly common surname in Pest, Hungary. Germany-specific surname distribution maps at identify the Schuck surname as being most frequent in Miltenberg, followed by Aschaffenburg, Berlin, Kusel,  Mà ¼nchen and Kaiserslautern.   Famous People with the SHOOK  Surname Edwin M. Shook - American archaeologist and Mayanist scholarTravis Shook - American jazz pianist Genealogy Resources for the Surname SHOOK Meanings of Common German SurnamesUncover the meaning of your German last name with this free guide to the meanings and origins of common German surnames. Shook  Family Crest - Its Not What You ThinkContrary to what you may hear, there is no such thing as a Shook  family crest or coat of arms for the Shook surname.  Coats of arms are granted to individuals, not families, and may rightfully be used only by the uninterrupted male-line descendants of the person to whom the coat of arms was originally granted. Shook Surname DNA ProjectThis genetic genealogy project is open to all individuals with the surname Hahn and variants such as  Schoke, Schuch, Schuske, Shuck, who are interested in using DNA with traditional genealogical research to identify common Hahn ancestors. Shook Family Genealogy ForumSearch this popular genealogy forum for the Shook surname to find others who might be researching your ancestors, or post your own Shook surname query. FamilySearch - SHOOK GenealogyExplore over 500,000 results, including digitized records, database entries, and online family trees for the Shook surname and its variations on the FREE FamilySearch website, courtesy of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. SHOOK  Surname Family Mailing ListsRootsWeb hosts a free mailing list for researchers of the Shook surname. - SHOOK Genealogy Family HistoryExplore free databases and genealogy links for the last name Shook. GeneaNet - Shook  RecordsGeneaNet includes archival records, family trees, and other resources for individuals with the Shook  surname, with a concentration on records and families from France and other European countries. The Shook Genealogy and Family Tree PageBrowse genealogy records and links to genealogical and historical records for individuals with the Shook surname from the website of Genealogy Today.----------------------- References: Surname Meanings Origins Cottle, Basil.  Penguin Dictionary of Surnames. Baltimore, MD: Penguin Books, 1967. Dorward, David.  Scottish Surnames. Collins Celtic (Pocket edition), 1998. Fucilla, Joseph.  Our Italian Surnames. Genealogical Publishing Company, 2003. Hanks, Patrick and Flavia Hodges.  A Dictionary of Surnames. Oxford University Press, 1989. Hanks, Patrick.  Dictionary of American Family Names. Oxford University Press, 2003. Reaney, P.H.  A Dictionary of English Surnames. Oxford University Press, 1997. Smith, Elsdon C.  American Surnames. Genealogical Publishing Company, 1997. Back to  Glossary of Surname Meanings Origins

Wednesday, 6 May 2020

Technology Apprehensiion - 746 Words

Almost daily a new information technology is introduced into our personal, professional, or educational lives. Studying acceptance of new technologies has become a focus of industry as well as academia. Application developers realize that lack of user acceptance of their technology can lead to loss of money, resources, and the failure of their product. In studying this key factor of user acceptance and use of technology, the Technology Acceptance Model (TAM) is one of the most cited models.TAM was developed by Fred Davis and Richard Bogazzi to explain computer technology user decisions. The theoretical basis of the TAM model was from Fishbein and Ajzen’s Theory of Reasoned Action (TRA). The Technology Acceptance Model (TAM) is an†¦show more content†¦The correlation between use and perceived ease determines attitude and intended use, so while use has direct impacts on attitude and use, ease influences attitude and use indirectly through use. User acceptance is defined as â€Å"the demonstrable willingness within a user group to employ information technology for the tasks it is designed to support† (Dillon Morris, 1996). Their definition focuses on planned uses of technology. Research supports that individual perceptions and feelings toward information technologies are likely to be influenced by the objective characteristics of technology, as well as interaction with other users. For example, the more useful an application is deemed by the individual, the more it will be used. At the same time, individual’s perceptions of the system are often influenced by the way people around them feel about and use the system. Studies on information technology report that user attitudes are important factors predicting the success of the system. Many definitions of attitude have been explored regarding users and their relationship with a technology system (Legris, 2003). A review of scholarly research on technology acceptance of information tech systems and their usage suggests that TAM has evolved, from TRA, as one of the most cited structures of study in this area of research. TAM is an important theoretical construct. It has

His 103 the Asian World Notes Essay - 1646 Words

1) Nationalism, socialism, and religion have all played a major role in anti-colonial struggles and post-colonial constructions in India and Southeast Asia. Which of these three ideologies do you think was most effective for colonized peoples and why? I. Nationalism was most effective for the colonized peoples of India and South East Asia a. Both socialism and Nationalism worked together to fight against imperial rule. Nationalism brought the people of India and Southeast Asia together while Socialism went against Western ideals. b. Socialism was more effective in South East Asia, it went fully against Western colonists beliefs of capitalism and democracy. Nationalism was most effective in India to fight against†¦show more content†¦American forces invaded Cambodia which went against their neutrality m. When the Americans started bombing in Cambodia, it pushed people to join a rebel group called the Khmer Rouge. ix. The Khmer Rouge literally go house to house searching for signs and supporters of capitalism and imperialists x. They wanted to start a new utopian society without the west, so they evacuated the cities and moved everyone out into the country. xi. They once again used communism to fight against the Amer icans VI. In India, there have always been divisions between religions and what makes someone a true Indian. n. During the freedom movement, Muslims and Hindus fought against each other. There were arguments over whether India should be a secular state or a Hindu state in its times of Independence. o. Now today, India is made up of multiple identities, but â€Å"if your allegiance is to India, then you are Indian†( Wood, 245). p. Religion caused turmoil for India, but as long as they all wanted the same thing as Indians, then they are able to get along today in the modern age. q. This shows that Nationalism still plays a large role in keeping India together, regardless of their diverse religious identities. Secularism 2). What we know about India and Southeast Asia is largely derived from histories, discoveries and categories created by Western imperialists and then used to explainShow MoreRelatedCase Formulation Paper II On Schizophrenia1324 Words   |  6 Pageshimself by slamming his head against the window to the indoor pool. The police were trying to get the patient to stop while the patient persistently yelled the devil was forcing him to hurt himself and at one point was caught trying to climb into a dryer to escape the demons. The patient has a record of treatment with Haldol and Depakote while inpatient care at a local hospital. The patient is unable to hold down a job is homeless after not being able to keep up on his rent at his apartment. The patientRead MoreEssay on Korean Comfort Women2590 Words   |  11 Pageswomen’s labor corps in which the women would work at a military factory and receive wages. Many women believed this was what they would be doing when they were recr uited by the army (anonymous in Schellstede 103). The horrific practice of using comfort women for the army carried over from World War II to the Korean War. Many feel that the practice of comfort women lies in discrimination on the part of the Japanese in terms of gender, ethnicity, and race. â€Å"Created through legalized prostitutionRead MoreGogol as the Perfect Namesake2097 Words   |  9 PagesLahiri’s novel, the main character fights an identity crisis because of his highly unusual name. Gogol carries uncertainty about himself throughout the novel because of his name, â€Å"He hates his name . . . that is has nothing to do with who he is, that it is neither Indian nor American but of all things Russian† (Lahiri 76). He constantly thinks the name Gogol does not correlate with his own personality. However, upon exploration of his namesake, a person finds the name Gogol to be the ideal name for himRead MoreCinderella: The Grimm Brothers vs. Walt Disney2397 Words   |  10 Pagesfor the difference. It is interesting to note too the differences ins story lines, sometimes incremental and almost invisible,as thee years develop. Cinderella has gone through various movie versions and each seems to me to be more compatible with the epoch and, accordingly, changing to reflect the current period. The wench by the fire in the traditional Disney movie for instance has been changed in a later one to be a Black girl in love with an Asian prince. The godmother exhorts her to listenRead MoreStrategies of Japan Supermarkets in Hong Kong6715 Words   |  27 PagesChinese University of Hong Kong and Mark Speece Asian Institute of Technology, Hong Kong Introduction As business becomes increasingly internationalized, it is no surprise that many large retailers have expanded beyond the borders of their own countries. In Hong Kong, which is an international city, many local retailers have expanded abroad, and many retailers operating in the territory come from Europe, North America, Japan, and other East Asian countries. Japanese retailers, in particular, haveRead MoreRecommendation On Welfare Reform Essay3998 Words   |  16 PagesSocial Security Act of 1935, and they assumed two main things. First, that the basic family unit is the nuclear family (i.e. a married couple with children), and second, that the husband is the primary breadwinner of the family. However, one must also note that the means-tested program (AFDC) was only supposed to be a temporary program that would subsequently be replaced by Social Security. Specifically, the death or injury of the major breadwinner was eventually to be covered by Social Security, whichRead MoreElephant Reproduction2704 Words   |  11 Pagessocial aspects of reproduction Introduction The study and research of reproduction in elephants is increasingly critical in consideration of the quickly dwindling population numbers and estimates. The current Asian elephant population is estimated to lie between 50,000-70,000 across the world, with 15,000 of these individuals in captivity. African elephant population numbers are low as well after serious culling through hunting and poaching. These numbers make the low reproduction rates a great concernRead MoreMindfulness Meditation: A Natural Practice with Superhuman Capabilities1846 Words   |  8 Pagesis capable of increasing an individual’s mental efficiency and physical well-being, which allows for an increase in productivity among individuals in the workplace, classroom, and ultimately, our society. Mindfulness meditation, originating from Asian Buddhist traditions has been practiced for over two millenniums. It is the focus upon introspective consciousness and present-moment awareness to allow an individual to become cognizant of sensations, emotions, and thoughts without judgment (DavisRead MoreEssay about America the Melting Pot or America the Salad Bowl? 2185 Words   |  9 Pagesand they often struggle to reconnect with their Indian roots. Wife Shoba decides to play a game of truth every night when their lights go out. She says it reminds her of her grandmother in India. Shukumar jumps on the chance to spend this time with his increasingly distant wife. Shukumar thinks that the game is a way to help Shoba reconnect with her past in India but he later learns that there is much more to the game than he thought. After the death of their child Shukumar says that Shoba treatsRead MoreEconomy of the Philippines7166 Words   |  29 Pagesdeal of growth, with an increase in GDP by about 5.5% over 2012, and an estimated increase of about 6% in 2013. While very modest compared to Asian standards, it is â€Å"enviable by world standards. Asia will remain the Global leader in growth, expanding over 2 percentage points faster than the world average next year,† according to Anoop Singh, head of the Asian and Pacific departments of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) (â€Å"Growth in Asia, 2012, p.1). One country that is helping Asia in its growth

A Game of Thrones Chapter Twenty-one Free Essays

Tyrion Are you certain that you must leave us so soon?† the Lord Commander asked him. â€Å"Past certain, Lord Mormont,† Tyrion replied. â€Å"My brother Jaime will be wondering what has become of me. We will write a custom essay sample on A Game of Thrones Chapter Twenty-one or any similar topic only for you Order Now He may decide that you have convinced me to take the black.† â€Å"Would that I could.† Mormont picked up a crab claw and cracked it in his fist. Old as he was, the Lord Commander still had the strength of a bear. â€Å"You’re a cunning man, Tyrion. We have need of men of your sort on the Wall.† Tyrion grinned. â€Å"Then I shall scour the Seven Kingdoms for dwarfs and ship them all to you, Lord Mormont.† As they laughed, he sucked the meat from a crab leg and reached for another. The crabs had arrived from Eastwatch only this morning, packed in a barrel of snow, and they were succulent. Ser Alliser Thorne was the only man at table who did not so much as crack a smile. â€Å"Lannister mocks us.† â€Å"Only you, Ser Alliser,† Tyrion said. This time the laughter round the table had a nervous, uncertain quality to it. Thorne’s black eyes fixed on Tyrion with loathing. â€Å"You have a bold tongue for someone who is less than half a man. Perhaps you and I should visit the yard together.† â€Å"Why?† asked Tyrion. â€Å"The crabs are here.† The remark brought more guffaws from the others. Ser Alliser stood up, his mouth a tight line. â€Å"Come and make your japes with steel in your hand.† Tyrion looked pointedly at his right hand. â€Å"Why, I have steel in my hand, Ser Alliser, although it appears to be a crab fork. Shall we duel?† He hopped up on his chair and began poking at Thorne’s chest with the tiny fork. Roars of laughter filled the tower room. Bits of crab flew from the Lord Commander’s mouth as he began to gasp and choke. Even his raven joined in, cawing loudly from above the window. â€Å"Duel! Duel! Duel!† Ser Alliser Thorne walked from the room so stiffly it looked as though he had a dagger up his butt. Mormont was still gasping for breath. Tyrion pounded him on the back. â€Å"To the victor goes the spoils,† he called out. â€Å"I claim Thorne’s share of the crabs.† Finally the Lord Commander recovered himself. â€Å"You are a wicked man, to provoke our Ser Alliser so,† he scolded. Tyrion seated himself and took a sip of wine. â€Å"If a man paints a target on his chest, he should expect that sooner or later someone will loose an arrow at him. I have seen dead men with more humor than your Ser Alliser.† â€Å"Not so,† objected the Lord Steward, Bowen Marsh, a man as round and red as a pomegranate. â€Å"You ought to hear the droll names he gives the lads he trains.† Tyrion had heard a few of those droll names. â€Å"I’ll wager the lads have a few names for him as well,† he said. â€Å"Chip the ice off your eyes, my good lords. Ser Alliser Thorne should be mucking out your stables, not drilling your young warriors.† â€Å"The Watch has no shortage of stableboys,† Lord Mormont grumbled. â€Å"That seems to be all they send us these days. Stableboys and sneak thieves and rapers. Ser Alliser is an anointed knight, one of the few to take the black since I have been Lord Commander. He fought bravely at King’s Landing.† â€Å"On the wrong side,† Ser Jaremy Rykker commented dryly. â€Å"I ought to know, I was there on the battlements beside him. Tywin Lannister gave us a splendid choice. Take the black, or see our heads on spikes before evenfall. No offense intended, Tyrion.† â€Å"None taken, Ser Jaremy. My father is very fond of spiked heads, especially those of people who have annoyed him in some fashion. And a face as noble as yours, well, no doubt he saw you decorating the city wall above the King’s Gate. I think you would have looked very striking up there.† â€Å"Thank you,† Ser Jaremy replied with a sardonic smile. Lord Commander Mormont cleared his throat. â€Å"Sometimes I fear Ser Alliser saw you true, Tyrion. You do mock us and our noble purpose here.† Tyrion shrugged. â€Å"We all need to be mocked from time to time, Lord Mormont, lest we start to take ourselves too seriously. More wine, please.† He held out his cup. As Rykker filled it for him, Bowen Marsh said, â€Å"You have a great thirst for a small man.† â€Å"Oh, I think that Lord Tyrion is quite a large man,† Maester Aemon said from the far end of the table. He spoke softly, yet the high officers of the Night’s Watch all fell quiet, the better to hear what the ancient had to say. â€Å"I think he is a giant come among us, here at the end of the world.† Tyrion answered gently, â€Å"I’ve been called many things, my lord, but giant is seldom one of them.† â€Å"Nonetheless,† Maester Aemon said as his clouded, milk-white eyes moved to Tyrion’s face, â€Å"I think it is true.† For once, Tyrion Lannister found himself at a loss for words. He could only bow his head politely and say, â€Å"You are too kind, Maester Aemon.† The blind man smiled. He was a tiny thing, wrinkled and hairless, shrunken beneath the weight of a hundred years so his maester’s collar with its links of many metals hung loose about his throat. â€Å"I have been called many things, my lord,† he said, â€Å"but kind is seldom one of them.† This time Tyrion himself led the laughter. Much later, when the serious business of eating was done and the others had left, Mormont offered Tyrion a chair beside the fire and a cup of mulled spirits so strong they brought tears to his eyes. â€Å"The kingsroad can be perilous this far north,† the Lord Commander told him as they drank. â€Å"I have Jyck and Morrec,† Tyrion said, â€Å"and Yoren is riding south again.† â€Å"Yoren is only one man. The Watch shall escort you as far as Winterfell,† Mormont announced in a tone that brooked no argument. â€Å"Three men should be sufficient.† â€Å"If you insist, my lord,† Tyrion said. â€Å"You might send young Snow. He would be glad for a chance to see his brothers.† Mormont frowned through his thick grey beard. â€Å"Snow? Oh, the Stark bastard. I think not. The young ones need to forget the lives they left behind them, the brothers and mothers and all that. A visit home would only stir up feelings best left alone. I know these things. My own blood kin . . . my sister Maege rules BearIsland now, since my son’s dishonor. I have nieces I have never seen.† He took a swallow. â€Å"Besides, Jon Snow is only a boy. You shall have three strong swords, to keep you safe.† â€Å"I am touched by your concern, Lord Mormont.† The strong drink was making Tyrion light-headed, but not so drunk that he did not realize that the Old Bear wanted something from him. â€Å"I hope I can repay your kindness.† â€Å"You can,† Mormont said bluntly. â€Å"Your sister sits beside the king. Your brother is a great knight, and your father the most powerful lord in the Seven Kingdoms. Speak to them for us. Tell them of our need here. You have seen for yourself, my lord. The Night’s Watch is dying. Our strength is less than a thousand now. Six hundred here, two hundred in the ShadowTower, even fewer at Eastwatch, and a scant third of those fighting men. The Wall is a hundred leagues long. Think on that. Should an attack come, I have three men to defend each mile of wall.† â€Å"Three and a third,† Tyrion said with a yawn. Mormont scarcely seemed to hear him. The old man warmed his hands before the fire. â€Å"I sent Benjen Stark to search after Yohn Royce’s son, lost on his first ranging. The Royce boy was green as summer grass, yet he insisted on the honor of his own command, saying it was his due as a knight. I did not wish to offend his lord father, so I yielded. I sent him out with two men I deemed as good as any in the Watch. More fool I.† â€Å"Fool,† the raven agreed. Tyrion glanced up. The bird peered down at him with those beady black eyes, ruffling its wings. â€Å"Fool,† it called again. Doubtless old Mormont would take it amiss if he throttled the creature. A pity. The Lord Commander took no notice of the irritating bird. â€Å"Gared was near as old as I am and longer on the Wall,† he went on, â€Å"yet it would seem he forswore himself and fled. I should never have believed it, not of him, but Lord Eddard sent me his head from Winterfell. Of Royce, there is no word. One deserter and two men lost, and now Ben Stark too has gone missing.† He sighed deeply. â€Å"Who am I to send searching after him? In two years I will be seventy. Too old and too weary for the burden I bear, yet if I set it down, who will pick it up? Alliser Thorne? Bowen Marsh? I would have to be as blind as Maester Aemon not to see what they are. The Night’s Watch has become an army of sullen boys and tired old men. Apart from the men at my table tonight, I have perhaps twenty who can read, and even fewer who can think, or plan, or lead. Once the Watch spent its summers building, and each Lord Commander raised the Wall higher than he found it. Now it is a ll we can do to stay alive.† He was in deadly earnest, Tyrion realized. He felt faintly embarrassed for the old man. Lord Mormont had spent a good part of his life on the Wall, and he needed to believe if those years were to have any meaning. â€Å"I promise, the king will hear of your need,† Tyrion said gravely, â€Å"and I will speak to my father and my brother Jaime as well.† And he would. Tyrion Lannister was as good as his word. He left the rest unsaid; that King Robert would ignore him, Lord Tywin would ask if he had taken leave of his senses, and Jaime would only laugh. â€Å"You are a young man, Tyrion,† Mormont said. â€Å"How many winters have you seen?† He shrugged. â€Å"Eight, nine. I misremember.† â€Å"And all of them short.† â€Å"As you say, my lord.† He had been born in the dead of winter, a terrible cruel one that the maesters said had lasted near three years, but Tyrion’s earliest memories were of spring. â€Å"When I was a boy, it was said that a long summer always meant a long winter to come. This summer has lasted nine years, Tyrion, and a tenth will soon be upon us. Think on that.† â€Å"When I was a boy,† Tyrion replied, â€Å"my wet nurse told me that one day, if men were good, the gods would give the world a summer without ending. Perhaps we’ve been better than we thought, and the Great Summer is finally at hand.† He grinned. The Lord Commander did not seem amused. â€Å"You are not fool enough to believe that, my lord. Already the days grow shorter. There can be no mistake, Aemon has had letters from the Citadel, findings in accord with his own. The end of summer stares us in the face.† Mormont reached out and clutched Tyrion tightly by the hand. â€Å"You must make them understand. I tell you, my lord, the darkness is coming. There are wild things in the woods, direwolves and mammoths and snow bears the size of aurochs, and I have seen darker shapes in my dreams.† â€Å"In your dreams,† Tyrion echoed, thinking how badly he needed another strong drink. Mormont was deaf to the edge in his voice. â€Å"The fisherfolk near Eastwatch have glimpsed white walkers on the shore.† This time Tyrion could not hold his tongue. â€Å"The fisherfolk of Lannisport often glimpse merlings.† â€Å"Denys Mallister writes that the mountain people are moving south, slipping past the ShadowTower in numbers greater than ever before. They are running, my lord . . . but running from what?† Lord Mormont moved to the window and stared out into the night. â€Å"These are old bones, Lannister, but they have never felt a chill like this. Tell the king what I say, I pray you. Winter is coming, and when the Long Night falls, only the Night’s Watch will stand between the realm and the darkness that sweeps from the north. The gods help us all if we are not ready.† â€Å"The gods help me if I do not get some sleep tonight. Yoren is determined to ride at first light.† Tyrion got to his feet, sleepy from wine and tired of doom. â€Å"I thank you for all the courtesies you have done me, Lord Mormont.† â€Å"Tell them, Tyrion. Tell them and make them believe. That is all the thanks I need.† He whistled, and his raven flew to him and perched on his shoulder. Mormont smiled and gave the bird some corn from his pocket, and that was how Tyrion left him. It was bitter cold outside. Bundled thickly in his furs, Tyrion Lannister pulled on his gloves and nodded to the poor frozen wretches standing sentry outside the Commander’s Keep. He set off across the yard for his own chambers in the King’s Tower, walking as briskly as his legs could manage. Patches of snow crunched beneath his feet as his boots broke the night’s crust, and his breath steamed before him like a banner. He shoved his hands into his armpits and walked faster, praying that Morrec had remembered to warm his bed with hot bricks from the fire. Behind the King’s Tower, the Wall glimmered in the light of the moon, immense and mysterious. Tyrion stopped for a moment to look up at it. His legs ached of cold and haste. Suddenly a strange madness took hold of him, a yearning to look once more off the end of the world. It would be his last chance, he thought; tomorrow he would ride south, and he could not imagine why he would ever want to return to this frozen desolation. The King’s Tower was before him, with its promise of warmth and a soft bed, yet Tyrion found himself walking past it, toward the vast pale palisade of the Wall. A wooden stair ascended the south face, anchored on huge rough-hewn beams sunk deep into the ice and frozen in place. Back and forth it switched, clawing its way upward as crooked as a bolt of lightning. The black brothers assured him that it was much stronger than it looked, but Tyrion’s legs were cramping too badly for him to even contemplate the ascent. He went instead to the iron cage beside the well, clambered inside, and yanked hard on the bell rope, three quick pulls. He had to wait what seemed an eternity, standing there inside the bars with the Wall to his back. Long enough for Tyrion to begin to wonder why he was doing this. He had just about decided to forget his sudden whim and go to bed when the cage gave a jerk and began to ascend. He moved upward slowly, by fits and starts at first, then more smoothly. The ground fell away beneath him, the cage swung, and Tyrion wrapped his hands around the iron bars. He could feel the cold of the metal even through his gloves. Morrec had a fire burning in his room, he noted with approval, but the Lord Commander’s tower was dark. The Old Bear had more sense than he did, it seemed. Then he was above the towers, still inching his way upward. Castle Black lay below him, etched in moonlight. You could see how stark and empty it was from up here; windowless keeps, crumbling walls, courtyards choked with broken stone. Farther off, he could see the lights of Mole’s Town, the little village half a league south along the kingsroad, and here and there the bright glitter of moonlight on water where icy streams descended from the mountain heights to cut across the plains. The rest of the world was a bleak emptiness of windswept hills and rocky fields spotted with snow. Finally a thick voice behind him said, â€Å"Seven hells, it’s the dwarf,† and the cage jerked to a sudden stop and hung there, swinging slowly back and forth, the ropes creaking. â€Å"Bring him in, damn it.† There was a grunt and a loud groaning of wood as the cage slid sideways and then the Wall was beneath him. Tyrion waited until the swinging had stopped before he pushed open the cage door and hopped down onto the ice. A heavy figure in black was leaning on the winch, while a second held the cage with a gloved hand. Their faces were muffled in woolen scarves so only their eyes showed, and they were plump with layers of wool and leather, black on black. â€Å"And what will you be wanting, this time of night?† the one by the winch asked. â€Å"A last look.† The men exchanged sour glances. â€Å"Look all you want,† the other one said. â€Å"Just have a care you don’t fall off, little man. The Old Bear would have our hides.† A small wooden shack stood under the great crane, and Tyrion saw the dull glow of a brazier and felt a brief gust of warmth when the winch men opened the door and went back inside. And then he was alone. It was bitingly cold up here, and the wind pulled at his clothes like an insistent lover. The top of the Wall was wider than the kingsroad often was, so Tyrion had no fear of falling, although the footing was slicker than he would have liked. The brothers spread crushed stone across the walkways, but the weight of countless footsteps would melt the Wall beneath, so the ice would seem to grow around the gravel, swallowing it, until the path was bare again and it was time to crush more stone. Still, it was nothing that Tyrion could not manage. He looked off to the east and west, at the Wall stretching before him, a vast white road with no beginning and no end and a dark abyss on either side. West, he decided, for no special reason, and he began to walk that way, following the pathway nearest the north edge, where the gravel looked freshest. His bare cheeks were ruddy with the cold, and his legs complained more loudly with every step, but Tyrion ignored them. The wind swirled around him, gravel crunched beneath his boots, while ahead the white ribbon followed the lines of the hills, rising higher and higher, until it was lost beyond the western horizon. He passed a massive catapult, as tall as a city wall, its base sunk deep into the Wall. The throwing arm had been taken off for repairs and then forgotten; it lay there like a broken toy, half-embedded in the ice. On the far side of the catapult, a muffled voice called out a challenge. â€Å"Who goes there? Halt!† Tyrion stopped. â€Å"If I halt too long I’ll freeze in place, Jon,† he said as a shaggy pale shape slid toward him silently and sniffed at his furs. â€Å"Hello, Ghost.† Jon Snow moved closer. He looked bigger and heavier in his layers of fur and leather, the hood of his cloak pulled down over his face. â€Å"Lannister,† he said, yanking loose the scarf to uncover his mouth. â€Å"This is the last place I would have expected to see you.† He carried a heavy spear tipped in iron, taller than he was, and a sword hung at his side in a leather sheath. Across his chest was a gleaming black warhorn, banded with silver. â€Å"This is the last place I would have expected to be seen,† Tyrion admitted. â€Å"I was captured by a whim. If I touch Ghost, will he chew my hand off?† â€Å"Not with me here,† Jon promised. Tyrion scratched the white wolf behind the ears. The red eyes watched him impassively. The beast came up as high as his chest now. Another year, and Tyrion had the gloomy feeling he’d be looking up at him. â€Å"What are you doing up here tonight?† he asked. â€Å"Besides freezing your manhood off . . . â€Å" â€Å"I have drawn night guard,† Jon said. â€Å"Again. Ser Alliser has kindly arranged for the watch commander to take a special interest in me. He seems to think that if they keep me awake half the night, I’ll fall asleep during morning drill. So far I have disappointed him.† Tyrion grinned. â€Å"And has Ghost learned to juggle yet?† â€Å"No,† said Jon, smiling, â€Å"but Grenn held his own against Halder this morning, and Pyp is no longer dropping his sword quite so often as he did.† â€Å"Pyp?† â€Å"Pypar is his real name. The small boy with the large ears. He saw me working with Grenn and asked for help. Thorne had never even shown him the proper way to grip a sword.† He turned to look north. â€Å"I have a mile of Wall to guard. Will you walk with me?† â€Å"If you walk slowly,† Tyrion said. â€Å"The watch commander tells me I must walk, to keep my blood from freezing, but he never said how fast.† They walked, with Ghost pacing along beside Jon like a white shadow. â€Å"I leave on the morrow,† Tyrion said. â€Å"I know.† Jon sounded strangely sad. â€Å"I plan to stop at Winterfell on the way south. If there is any message that you would like me to deliver . . . â€Å" â€Å"Tell Robb that I’m going to command the Night’s Watch and keep him safe, so he might as well take up needlework with the girls and have Mikken melt down his sword for horseshoes.† â€Å"Your brother is bigger than me,† Tyrion said with a laugh. â€Å"I decline to deliver any message that might get me killed.† â€Å"Rickon will ask when I’m coming home. Try to explain where I’ve gone, if you can. Tell him he can have all my things while I’m away, he’ll like that.† People seemed to be asking a great deal of him today, Tyrion Lannister thought. â€Å"You could put all this in a letter, you know.† â€Å"Rickon can’t read yet. Bran . . . † He stopped suddenly. â€Å"I don’t know what message to send to Bran. Help him, Tyrion.† â€Å"What help could I give him? I am no maester, to ease his pain. I have no spells to give him back his legs.† â€Å"You gave me help when I needed it,† Jon Snow said. â€Å"I gave you nothing,† Tyrion said. â€Å"Words.† â€Å"Then give your words to Bran too.† â€Å"You’re asking a lame man to teach a cripple how to dance,† Tyrion said. â€Å"However sincere the lesson, the result is likely to be grotesque. Still, I know what it is to love a brother, Lord Snow. I will give Bran whatever small help is in my power.† â€Å"Thank you, my lord of Lannister.† He pulled off his glove and offered his bare hand. â€Å"Friend.† Tyrion found himself oddly touched. â€Å"Most of my kin are bastards,† he said with a wry smile, â€Å"but you’re the first I’ve had to friend.† He pulled a glove off with his teeth and clasped Snow by the hand, flesh against flesh. The boy’s grip was firm and strong. When he had donned his glove again, Jon Snow turned abruptly and walked to the low, icy northern parapet. Beyond him the Wall fell away sharply; beyond him there was only the darkness and the wild. Tyrion followed him, and side by side they stood upon the edge of the world. The Night’s Watch permitted the forest to come no closer than half a mile of the north face of the Wall. The thickets of ironwood and sentinel and oak that had once grown there had been harvested centuries ago, to create a broad swath of open ground through which no enemy could hope to pass unseen. Tyrion had heard that elsewhere along the Wall, between the three fortresses, the wildwood had come creeping back over the decades, that there were places where grey-green sentinels and pale white weirwoods had taken root in the shadow of the Wall itself, but Castle Black had a prodigious appetite for firewood, and here the forest was still kept at bay by the axes of the black brothers. It was never far, though. From up here Tyrion could see it, the dark trees looming beyond the stretch of open ground, like a second wall built parallel to the first, a wall of night. Few axes had ever swung in that black wood, where even the moonlight could not penetrate the ancient tangle of root and thorn and grasping limb. Out there the trees grew huge, and the rangers said they seemed to brood and knew not men. It was small wonder the Night’s Watch named it the haunted forest. As he stood there and looked at all that darkness with no fires burning anywhere, with the wind blowing and the cold like a spear in his guts, Tyrion Lannister felt as though he could almost believe the talk of the Others, the enemy in the night. His jokes of grumkins and snarks no longer seemed quite so droll. â€Å"My uncle is out there,† Jon Snow said softly, leaning on his spear as he stared off into the darkness. â€Å"The first night they sent me up here, I thought, Uncle Benjen will ride back tonight, and I’ll see him first and blow the horn. He never came, though. Not that night and not any night.† â€Å"Give him time,† Tyrion said. Far off to the north, a wolf began to howl. Another voice picked up the call, then another. Ghost cocked his head and listened. â€Å"If he doesn’t come back,† Jon Snow promised, â€Å"Ghost and I will go find him.† He put his hand on the direwolf’s head. â€Å"I believe you,† Tyrion said, but what he thought was, And who will go find you? He shivered. How to cite A Game of Thrones Chapter Twenty-one, Essay examples

Cumulative Measure of Family Structure †

Question: Discuss about the Cumulative Measure of Family Structure. Answer: Introduction: There are various factors that can influence human life and experiences. Moreover, in our life, there are definitely some memorable events that create a strong impact on our attitudes and behaviour. These episodes shape our lives in a different mould. In our individual lives, our community, family, religion, creed and culture have strong influence and they play an important role to reshape our beliefs and we cannot eliminate them from making our societal beliefs. As stated by Bradley and Kibera (2006), in personality development management and also in mal-development of the child are simply occurred due to the belated appreciation that a child grows up in family and family should input positive outlook in raising that child into an integrated person. Moreover, adult identity is formed with the origin of family and children who have brought up without two biological parents are taken themselves as an adult than the ones who brought up with two biological parents. However, in this stud y, my autobiographical narrative is analysed from the very beginning. I will discuss the early stages of my life and how my society, family, and background have shaped my understanding and attitude. Throughout my personal and educational life, I have realised that every individual has a different story and it is not easy to relate to others. We meet new people with the passage of time, and many of these have a long-lasting impact on our lives. I think, my family plays a most significant role in my life. In the very first stage, I was solely responsible to my parents and they were responsible for providing my care and knowledge about different perspectives of life. In early childhood stage, the child needs supervision of parents and cooperation from family (Amatea, Smith-Adcock Villares, 2006). This is the period when the brain grows remarkably and it is the foundation of learning and development. Since the time of early childhood, social, physical and emotional as well as intellect ual development management takes place that shapes the life of a child. In light of this, environment plays an important factor of developing personality traits; still, genetic factors can influence the personality development of an individual. Family teaches an individual how to react in a situation and develop the personality. This essay presents an autobiographical narrative where I am going to discuss my life, my family background, education, different events and experiences of my life, and how my life has been shaped by these elements and factors. I am Gurpreet Kaur and I belong to a middle-class family. I have been raised in a very decent environment. My birthplace is Nairobi, Kenya. My father and grandfather worked in Kenya on a work permit. We were called Kenyan Asians as our ancestral root is in India. There lived many Indian subcontinent people who mostly resided near Nairobi or Mombasa. Indian migration to Kenya began in the year 1895 due to the creation of East Africa Protectorate. My family moved to Kenya in the year and my grandfather did the military works in Kenya. Kenya got independence in the year 1963 and the relationship between Africa and Asians became volatile. Asian people tried to grab the citizenship. My grandfather worked there in railways and my father worked there in the factory. We saw gradual improvement in legal status, we become self-reliant and cautiously. The Indian community in the Kenya created a close relationship and endogamous community (Davids et al., 2016). As my birthplace is in Kenya and a few years of my childhood spent there. I grew up with various ethnic groups children in Kenya and my parents taught me to keep my authenticity and be friends to all. However, Asians were only 2% of Kenyan people, our family wanted to make a business over there and we had agricultural assets also over there. My father did not manage to be successful in business and in 1996; we came back to our hometown, Punjab, India for good. I am a Sikh by religion, but do not belong to the orthodox category. As we are Sikh, in Sikhism, it is clearly stated that family is the basic structure of any essential social unit. The family is the atom unit that collectively forms the society in Sikhism (Nesbitt, 2016). Family culture is the core institution that was promoted since the beginning of Sikh religion of Guru Nanak. Hence, since the childhood, I was grown up with family culture and I was told that family unit through procreation ensures the existence and continuation of healthy societies. The fa mily plays an important role of economic and educational functions. Moreover, while growing up I learn successful economical, biological and spiritual future can be ensured through human societies. Currently, I am working in New Zealand on a study visa and sorting with a work visa to support me and my family. I am convent educated and I pursued my degree of Master of Arts (English). On the 3rd April 2016, I got married to Ramanjit Singh Layal. It was a love marriage and my family accepted it. My husband owns a Photography Studio in Apra, Punjab by the name Jagat Studio, Apra. However, he is with me in New Zealand to support me. My life was influenced by the complexities, challenges, and support gained by my family depending on the various circumstances and stages of life. In general sense, the family can be perceived as biological relationships in natural expression and this concept makes the family structure as nuclear. The nuclear family concept has its support from various institutions like law, church and government. In case of Australia, 71% of the family is nuclear families. In most of the time, it is seen that families are responsive in any social changes like birth, death, divorce, wars, political changes and migration (Drewery Claireborne, 2010). The variations and changes have been influenced by different factors and elements. The changes are more prominent in Western countries as compared to the Eastern countries. Now, I live in New Zealand for education purposes and New Zealand families have cultural influences in Maori whanau families that believe in mainly collective society, whereas Pakeha families believe in mainly western structure families. There are mainly six types of family that can be seen, nuclear family, single parent family, extended family, childless family, grandparent family and stepfamily (Sharma, 2013). In recent time, family and demographic profiles have seen dramatic changes. The concept of cohabitation, divorce, lone parent families and mothers in the workplace has changed the family concept. Children mainly have eclectic views about their families and children believe in love, support adoration, legal status and biological ties abut families (Dupuis, 2010). In recent times, children are being educated in very little age and education is now compulsory. The concept of family is now clear to them and they become more knowledgeable. As stated by Gunn et al., (2014), childhood is now seen as an emotional asset for the children and children are involved in the decision-making of the family. Children now have legal rights in family and family takes responsibility for children's development. The role and influence of the family vary according to the culture and societies. A family is defined as an int egral and functional unit of the communities and societies, which has a strong impact on the development, wellbeing, and behaviour of the individuals. In case of development of the child, the family has an important role as a child mostly depends on parents. Family protects the children and provide their basic needs as a family is the first teacher to the children. Family makes sure that children must learn the basic when they enter early school. Families give additional support with resources to the children (Guo, 2010). A family is characterised as a vital and practical unit of the groups and social orders, which strongly affects the improvement, prosperity, and conduct of the people. While human science does not offer any prescient hypothesis about the structures the family will take, it highlights the part of social standards in deciding classes of individuals reasonable for framing families with. For sociologists and women's activist sociologists specifically, sexual orientatio n alludes to socially developed practices that are learnt, while sex alludes to the natural individual and their physical attributes. All things considered, sexual orientation separation is a social marvel in view of procured practices, as opposed to the after effect of intrinsic contrasts amongst men and women (Harcourt, 2015). The changes in the family mainly occur for the technological advancement, cultural advancement management. Societal changes and accept an adaptation of cultures. The changes of demography, occupational structure, fertility issues and family planning provide changes in concept and structure of family in recent time. According to Jelic and Kamenov (2015), the concept of family was different and culture was given high priority when raising the children. The concept of joint and extended family living together was very common, especially in Eastern countries. However, with the passage of time, the idea of family has evolved and it has influenced and adapted by families universally. In recent time, managing children within the family, most of the family persons believe in partnership with professionals. It provides benefits both, the family and the children. The family gets the benefits of confidence in giving the child experience and it can increase parenting experience. It gives greater information about different perspectives of children. Children can gain sensitive, consistent and individualised experiences. Families can feel confident about parenting. Moreover, the societies have evolved as a result of industrialisation and modernisation. The changes are evident and it has influenced the children in their early stages to a great extent (May, 2013). The complexities and issues faced by the family often lead to negatively influencing the behaviour and minds of the children in early childhood. In any case, standards of the family structure have changed after some time, with various creators contending that financial matters and human studies never again satisfactorily clarify the assortment of family shapes. As suggested by McKenzie (2006), familial ties between people of a similar sex that might be sensual yet are not grounded in science or multiplication don't fit any clean division of connection into relations of blood and marriage. In the mid-nineteenth century, my grandparents got married in the rural village area. At that time, the rituals and customs were very strict and the literacy rate was low. It was quite obvious in India as India at that time was under British rule. The communities were experiencing a change as a result of enhancing literacy rate. However, only a few people were ready to accept the change in society. Among these was my grandfather who accepted the challenges and learnt different skills and gained experienced in it. As a part of the change, my grandfather decided to move to Kenya for work so that he could earn better and could support his wife and children. My grandfather taught my father and aunt well and made them educated. The change in our social culture made our family distinct and our family is now open-minded. My family is not orthodox like other Sikh people. We welcome the changes and it has been possible for continuous evolution of societal changes. The change in the society resulted in bringing changes in his lifestyle and personality, which also influenced his children. My grandfather got to know new rituals and customs and he accepted that changes and my father got accustomed with the concept of rituals and customs. In our house, multiple generations live peacefully and in the same household. On that time of my grandfather, the husband was bread earner and wife did the household works. My family followed the structure and my grandmother and my mother did the only household works. However, my family saw economi c growth and got accustomed to a new societal culture where women can do employment. My father taught me well as my kindergarten schooling started in Aga Khan Nursery School, Nairobi, Kenya. My father and grandfather worked hard and tried to make the family happy in economically and psychologically. As pointed out by Mece (2015), family resilience perspective states that interaction between school and home can give the opportunity to make strong capacity to come around adversity. The first concept of resilience perspective is that persistent economic and stressful crisis, social and physical challenges impact the successful bringing up the children for the family. School can help the family to become more resourceful as a family-school measure can be a preventive measure for children. My grandfather was head of the family and we were a joint family at that time. Joint family teaches me that children must get equal love, guidance, care and education and the children from a joint family never miss anything. The childhood of child from a joint family is full of experien ces and resources, they can share their childhood with an aunt, uncle, grandparents, siblings and cousins (OBrien Salonen, 2011). In my case, I also had similar opportunity to spend my childhood in a joint family that reshaped my childhood. The event of moving to another country specifically influenced me in young age as I was enrolled in my school and for me, I took time to readjust in a new environment with new people. However, the people of India were very welcoming and their culture and traditions positively influenced my life. Our family is like a traditional joint family who is living with generations and live in the same household and use the same kitchen. Our family generally uses a common purse and it is contributed to all. Cultural aspects, traditions, beliefs can significantly affect the lives of a family and the family members have responsibilities to manage the cultural aspects. In religion and culture, family members teach the children and the decision-making capabilities of a child are made within the family. Family members teach the child to identify the crisis and find resources to solve them. As stated by Patel and Agbenyega (2013), in the growing up period, children assume the right and wrong in their own, however, it is the duty of the family to reflect the family values, culture and tradition. As a Sikh, we visit Gurdwara every day for our morning prayers and start our day like this. Worship is an integral element of my family and we believe family values are the only thing that can help to lead peace and prosperity. The celebration is loud and colourful and the cultural music Dhol and Bhangra' are preferred. Growing up in the same society, I have realised that the culture has evolved and ch anged. It has not faded away and neither is it dying. Our culture promotes values like helping others, respecting others, being honest, treating everyone equally, and being kind to oneself and others. I have lived my life learning the same values from my parents and grandparents who supported all my choices and beliefs. As our family is Sikh and my family believes in monogamy. My family believes in righteousness and discipline in life. As suggested by Pryor (2010), culture can be defined as expressive and dynamic shared values and behaviours and family shapes the perspectives of a child about religion, culture, righteousness and approaches to obstacles. My parents and family always teach me to live in the loving environment and they raise and educate me with higher values and principles. When I was got married, my father told me that marriage is a bond of mutual dependence and true partnership in marriage can unite spirit and of mind. Family life cycle theory describes that there are five stages of life, independence, marriage, parenting, launching adulthood and retirement (Rigg Pryor, 2007). In my family, everyone is bounded by love or blood and my experiences through family aspects affected who I am now. My family and in-laws have played a crucial role in my life as they have helped me in taking relevant decisions in my life. I am convent educated and did my Master in Arts (English). I have always liked teaching so I used to give tuitions to young kids and continued it after my wedding as well. It had a strong impact on my personality and behaviour that encouraged me to learn more about early childhood education. My parents and family did not stop me doing anything and supported me in doing anything. As stated by Rokx (2016), indulgent parenting style is about to support children and allow the children to have power, these parents do not set boundaries. My parents were like indulge parents and they never forced me to do anything. In my cultural values, I have been taught to help and respect others. Moreover, the community in India, where we lived was not open-minded; however, my family was not orthodox due to shifting the culture. As a part of the community, the factors have an impact on our personal, educational, and professional lives. Community people do not like to educate the girl child for higher education; my family taught me in a convent school and allowed me to study for a higher degree. It is important for people to stay connected with the communities so that they can learn about the existing and emerging opportunities and threats and bring changes in their lives accordingly. My family believes in family economy and this concept believes that family as an economic unit. Our joint family culture helps to create the concept of the family economic concept as most of the economic activities take place in the family. However, Indians are getting modern and technological changes impac t on the relation of the people. Now, people can stay in touch in spite of being in distance. Living my life in Kenya, India, and New Zealand, I have realised that technology has influenced everyone everywhere. Technology has been helping me to stay connected with my family. Our life events and experiences are bounded by the legal and environmental aspects. Being a part of the society, it is necessary to understand and follow the legal responsibilities and regulations so that our actions are according to it (Rosenfield, 2015). Nurturing, warm, and responsive parent-child relationships and parental participation in child-centred activities relate to positive learning outcomes in early childhood. It has been observed that my course of life has been going through many changes. During the time of Kenya, multicultural upbringing was predominant. In Kenya, my concept of family was a greater aspect and my childhood education taught me this. In India, being Sikhs we adopted the Western culture but did not forget our roots and culture. Parenting is the family involvement process that includes the attitudes, values, and practices of parents in raising young children. Our culture has taught us to respect others and act kindly and responsibly. In New Zealand, my learning evolves the culture and traditions and along with accepting the western norms and values. Reference List Amatea, E. S., Smith-Adcock, S., Villares, E. (2006). From family deficit to family strength: Viewing families' contributions to children's learning from a family resilience perspective. Professional School Counselling, 9(3), 177-189. Bradley, J., Kibera, P. (2006). Closing the Gap: culture and the promotion of inclusion in child care. Young Children, 6 (1), 3440. 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